Behind The Technology


Cell Growth Boosting in Space



The technology started from the Marshall Space Flight Center of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which carried out a study program on cell growth in space. Studies indicate that human cells need gravity to stimulate growth. As the gravitational force increases or decreases, the cell function responds in a linear fashion. This poses significant health risks for astronauts in long-term space flight. The application of light therapy with the use of Phototherapy will significantly improve the medical care that is available to astronauts on long-term space missions.



Long term space flight, with its many inherent risks, also raises the possibility of astronauts being injured performing their required tasks. The fact that the normal healing process is negatively affected by microgravity requires novel approaches to improve wound healing and tissue growth in space. Phototherapy arrays have already flown on Space Shuttle missions for studies of plant growth and the US. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved human trials. The use of light therapy with can help prevent bone and muscle atrophy as well as increase the rate of wound healing in a microgravity environment, thus reducing the risk of treatable injuries becoming mission catastrophes.


Wounds Healing in Deep Sea



Submarine atmospheres are low in oxygen and high in carbon dioxide, which compounds the absence of crew exposure to sunlight, making wound healing slower than on the surface. An array with 3 wavelengths combined in a single unit (670, 720, 880 nm) was delivered to Naval Special Warfare Group-2 in Norfolk and a data collection system has been implemented for musculoskeletal training injuries treated with NASA phototherapy. Data collection instruments now include injury diagnosis, day from injury, range of motion measured with goniometer, pain intensity scales reported on scale 1-10,



girth-circumferential measurements in cm, percent changes over time in all of the aforementioned parameters, and number of LED-treatments required for the subject to be fit-for-full-duty (FFD). Data have also been received from Naval Special Warfare Command (Norfolk & San Diego) where 18-20 patients per day are being treated with NASA-LEDs and results indicate >40% improvement in musculoskeletal training injuries. Data has also been received from the USS Salt Lake City (submarine SSN 716 on Pacific deployment) reporting 50% faster (7 day) healing of lacerations in crew members compared to untreated control healing (approximately 14 days).
Source : NASA Light Emitting Diode Medical Applications from Deep Space to Deep Sea. Harry T. Whella
Is light-emitting diode phototherapy really effective? Kim WS, Calderhead RG.